Carefully Study The JD

Your Secret Blog Series: Part 2

In our last article, we introduced you to the golden rules to having an A- level CV. A CV that can enable you to effectively compete in the job market.

We discussed both general and structural CV concerns and promised to be back with more. Today we will discuss how to carefully study a Job description before re-writing your CV. Remember, your CV changes depending on the job description provided, the industry and the title of the job.

What Is a Job Description?

A job description is also popularly known as JD. It is a document intended to provide you (an applicant) with an outline of job requirements, job duties, job responsibilities and skills required to perform in the position you are applying for.

A job description is mainly done by a company after analyzing a job and establishing necessary requirements for performing on the job. A job description is then sent out to job boards where candidates can access it and apply.

While you as a candidate are a master of jargon in your industry, the recruiter might not be as knowledgeable as you in that industry. Therefore, you need to use words they can easily understand while bringing out your expertise in the field. This begins by incorporating words used in the job description into the resume. That way, the recruiter will understand your application and perhaps spend more time on it.

Therefore, begin by carefully reading the job descriptions for the different roles you’re applying for. Keep a keen eye for common skills that they will require from you. Ensure you incorporate these talents into your CV and be able to prove how you have developed them through academia, work experience or your positions of responsibility.

Are There Different Types Of Job Descriptions?

Yes, there are 3 types of Job descriptions. They are external, general, and internal.

An external JD has a job title, job duties and responsibilities and may also include administrative information such as a supervisor. This type of CV may also have salary and benefits offered for the position. The internal job description differs from external JD although in a smaller way. Usually for higher-level jobs and may include how much you are expected to generate, the number of clients you need to serve etc.

Generic Job descriptions are mostly used within companies to describe jobs in broader terms among departmental heads.

When reading a job description, start by understanding the structure. Many job descriptions follow a similar pattern. Most job descriptions contain the following information:


Usually mentioned at the beginning of the job description, a summary of the job is just the basic duties of the job provided in a simple one or two sentences. Read this section as it will give you a better understanding of what is expected from you for the job you wish to pursue.


Usually referred to as ‘detailed functions or main functions’. This section will describe your day to day activities and to whom you report to. It will also indicate who you will be interacting with mostly from customers to coworkers and even the general public. It may also contain reporting information.


Here, you will find in detail all the necessary requirement with respect to education and technical aspect that are required for the role and the respective company. It may also have software and machines you could use hence confirming that you have the skills required to operate them.

Some job descriptions will include compensation offered for the position and the location of the job but most do not and wait until after the interview phase. With the help of a detailed job description, you are able to understand the job you are applying for faster and also learning the importance of your role in the job.

In conclusion, towards understanding a specific job description you at first need to understand the basic concept which is in the summary. Next, Understand the importance of your role and responsibilities. You can now go ahead and incorporate these key learnings into your CV.

As you keep on following and reading our article, make sure you are also working on improving your current version of your resume. In case you want expert advice, write to us an email at and remember to attach your CV. We will get back to you!

See you in our next article.

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